D1.2 Related Cases Studies and Cooperative DR Programs

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D1.2 Related Cases Studies and Cooperative DR Programs

Demand Response (DR) provides many opportunities for both the grid operator and the scheme participants. The grid operator gains flexible load both increasing and decreasing depending on the production of Renewable Energy Source (RES) on the grid, i.e. if there is large amount of energy produced by RES, the grid operator can request an increase in the load from scheme participants. The scheme participants receive financial incentives for reducing load at the request of the grid operator. This report looks at the different types of DR schemes implemented in different countries and islands and the reward/incentives for participants to opt into the schemes.

The objective of the report is to investigate the potential for geographical islands to become energy self-sufficient and identify the challenges and benefits to implementing renewable technologies onto the islands. The report investigates the different types of smart grid technologies deployed and the consumer behaviours to interacting with DR schemes.
The REACT project proposes to investigate the impact of different Renewable Energy (RE) technologies and storage solutions on geographical islands while integrating the new Renewable Energy Source (RES) into the existing RES deployed. Within this report some of
the challenges faces by utilities are identified, the integration of DR schemes will assist utilities in the following ways:

• The potential of decarbonising the electrical supply to geographical islands
• Increasing reliability of the network on geographical islands
• The impact of large-scale RES and storage assets on geographical islands
• Community owned cooperative demand response (DR) schemes